Introduction to China’s 56 ethnic groups
The organs of self-government in ethnic autonomous areas all use one or more languages of their areas in their official activities. In , the Constitution adopted by the NPC institutionalized the system in the form of basic law, and has ever since adhered to this system. Among the pitfalls that such new initiatives for advancing ethnic minority development in the HWEI sector have to confront is the social culture of Beijing itself. The National People's Congress NPC and local people's congresses are the organs through which the Chinese people of all ethnic groups exercise state power.
The Taiwanese aboriginals include more than 14 Taiwanese aboriginal groups called Gaoshanzu by the mainland Chinese government. These schools are located in 28 cities of 12 provinces and municipalities directly under the central government.
The ethnic minorities, minority areas, and relationships among ethnic groups have all experienced tremendous historic changes.
In the state helped eight cities in Xinjiang, including Urumqi, to hold junior high school classes for children of minority farmers and herdsmen, accounting for over 80 percent of the total students enrolled. Hidden categories: History and reality have proved that if all ethnic groups in a country are united and treat one another with love, such a nation is bound to enjoy good administration, harmonious life and prosperity; if a country is full of ethnic conflicts and confrontations, such a nation is sure to suffer social unrest and bring calamity to its people.
Priority is also given by the state to improving medical and health care for the ethnic minorities and in the minority areas. There are 8.
Chinese Ethnic Groups - Travel Preparation The China Guide
The CPC and the central government have always supported the development of the ethnic minorities and minority areas. See the Annals of Creation in Dongba Script at the beginning of this section. The emperor Qianlong, who ruled from to , repeatedly ordered his courtiers to learn Manchu, suggesting that many were using Chinese exclusively. Such publicity and education are not only targeted at ordinary people, but more so at officials; not only at officials of ethnic minorities, but more so at Han officials; not only at low-level officials, but more so at the leading officials.
In , the State Council held a national meeting on production and livelihood in the minority areas, which decided to basically solve the problems of food and clothing, housing and drinking water within a short time. The vast majority speak and write Chinese. Although the Zhuang have their own language, most of them speak Chinese dialects.
People of the ethnic minorities engaged mainly in traditional agriculture and animal husbandry. Tibet is famous for Mount Everest, known to Tibetans as Qomolangma, the tallest mountain in the world, standing at 8, meters above sea level. One family may divide the tasks among different members, with some moving to the steppes and tending the family herds, while others stay on the farm to raise crops.
In the early days of New China, the state gave top priority to infrastructure construction in the minority areas. In response, the social scientists attempted to construct coherent groupings of minorities using language as the main criterion for differentiation. Ten photos you don't wanna miss. The long-standing existence of a unified multi-ethnic state in Chinese history greatly enhanced the economic, political and cultural exchanges among different ethnic groups, reinforced their allegiance to the central government and their identification with Chinese culture, and strengthened the cohesion force, vitality and creativity of the Chinese nation, giving rise to the unification and diversity of Chinese civilization.
These groups are incredibly culturally diverse; fifty-three ethnic groups have their own language and 23 have their own written language. By definition, these ethnic minority groups, together with the Han majority, make up the greater Chinese nationality known as Zhonghua Minzu. The center then used this list of attributes to select representatives of each group to perform on television and radio in an attempt to reinforce the government's narrative of China as a multi-ethnic state and to prevent the culture of the minority ethnic groups from assimilating by the Han and the rest of the world.
Precisely when and how regions such as Mongolia and Tibet came to be part of China are points that are disputed by groups both within and outside of China.
Ethnic-minority medicine forms an important part of the treasure-house of Chinese medicine and pharmacology. They are suspected of a host of criminal activities, from promotion of the drug trade to incitement of "rebellious activities. The development and advancement of the state and society will surely further improve China's policies toward the ethnic minorities.